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What is HTML(Hypertext Markup Language)? – Tags, Elements, and More

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What is HTML(Hypertext Markup Language)

HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, is a profit verbal for the web that describes the construction of net pages.

It is one of the maximum primary constructing blocks of every website, so it’s crucial to analyze if you want to have a career in web development.

In this article, I will stroll you via what HTML sit in element and how it does things on web pages, and we will also touch on a significant part of HTML – Semantic HTML.

To apprehend “HTML” from front to back, allows observe each phrase that makes up the abbreviation:

Hypertext: text (frequently with embeds including photographs, too) this is prepared so one can connect associated gadgets

Markup: a fashion guide for typesetting anything to be published in hardcopy or gentle reproduction layout

Language: a language that a computer machine understands and uses to interpret commands.

HTML determines the shape of net pages. However, this structure by myself isn’t enough to make a web page look exact and communicating. So you’ll use helped technologies such as CSS and JavaScript to make your HTML beautiful and add interactivity, respectively.

In this example, I like to break down the three technologies – HTML, CSS, and JavaScript – this way: they may be like a human frame.

  • HTML is the basic,
  • CSS is the crust,
  • And JavaScript is the cardiac, digestive, and respiratory structures that bring the shape and the peel towards lifespan.

You can also look at HTML, CSS, besides JavaScript, this Method: HTML is the shape of a residence, CSS is the interior and outdoor décor, and JavaScript is the energy, water gadget, and lots of other purposeful capabilities that make the place livable.


What is HTML(Hypertext Markup Language)? – Tags, Elements


Since HTML defines the markup for a selected net web page, you may need the textual content, pictures, or other embeds to appear in foolproof methods.

For example, you would need some text to be large, others to be small, and some to be formidable, italic, or shot point method.

HTML has “tags” that let you become this performed. So, there are tags to create headings, paragraphs, bolded words, italicized words, besides extra.

HTML Elements

The detail includes the outlet tag, a character, the content material, and the last tag. Some factors are empty – that is, they do not have a closing tag but instead have a source or hyperlink to content material that you need to embed on the web net page.

An example of an empty part is <img>, in which you insert pics on a web page.

HTML factors are often used interchangeably with tags, but there is a slight distinction among the 2. For example, an element combines the opening and closing tag and the content material.

HTML Attributes

HTML tags additionally take what refer to as attributes. These attributes locate inside the commencing tag and variety from fashion and ids to classes. In addition, they bring values, which carry more records approximately the element and help you do styling and manipulation with JavaScript.

The outlet tag contains a category attribute with a fee of “textual content” in the infographic beneath. It can fashion the detail or pick it out with JavaScript for interactivity.

Let’s look at the critical bits of code right here:

<!Doctype html>: Specifies that we are using HTML5 in this code. Before the advent of HTML5, you needed to explicitly country which model of HTML you stood coding in with the <!Doctype> tab. For instance, HTML4.0, 3.2, and so on. But today, we do not need it. When “HTML” writes within the code, the browser automatically assumes that you are coding in HTML5.

<html></html>: the basis, or top-degree detail of each HTML report. Every different element must wrap in it.

<head></head>: one of the most essential components of the HTML record. Web crawlers appearance within the head tags to get critical data about the page. It contains data together with the page name, stylesheets, meta statistics for SEO, and masses greater.

<meta />: An empty detail conveys meta-records about the page. Such facts may also include the author, what kind of encoding it uses (almost continually UTF-8), responsiveness, compatibility, and a lot greater. Web crawlers always observe the meta tag to get statistics about the net web page to play a vital position in search engine optimization.

<title></title>: this defines the identify of the net web page. It usually shows within the browser tab.

<body></body>: all of the content of the HTML file is positioned inside the iframe tag. There can most effective be one <body> tag on the entire web page.


HTML and CSS are enormously huge topics; who could have a concept? If you’ve made it this way, though, you’re greater than nicely in your way to front quit development magic. It would help if you were substantially more comfortable breaking down a website into its aspect pieces after coding them with HTML and CSS. Then, you have the gear necessary to pick out a practical visible layout, conveying it to fruition.

There are still masses of ways you could make your workflow better or enhance your knowledge of first-rate practices (so don’t prevent learning!), but you give the whole lot you need to construct beautiful websites.

Also Read: What is a Domain Name System (DNS)? – Work, Stairs, and More

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